|José Zanine Caldas|
In the 1940s he and several partners started the Z Artistic Furniture (Moveis Artisticos Z) line and designed plywood furniture for mass production. He left the company in 1952 because of conflicts with his partners.
In the 1950s he became inspired by local craftsmen in his hometown who carved canoes from felled trees. He began to make furniture chiseled directly from huge logs. He was an advocate of forest protection, so he tried to plant a tree every time a tree was cut down for one of his projects.
He moved to Sao Paulo to work as a scale modeler, furniture producer, landscape designer and modeling teacher at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of Sao Paulo. While there, he caused considerable controversy by designing homes without an architecture degree. Lucio Costa and others helped him obtain an honorary degree.
Zanine's work has been exhibited at the Louvre in Paris and at the Museu de Arte Moderna of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.
|Z Line chair|